Dandruff: The Why’s and How To’s
There are different types of dandruff. The most common are "dry" dandruff and "oily" dandruff. They are usually caused by the normal exfoliation of the dead skin cells of your scalp. If you don't shampoo often enough to keep up with the rate of exfoliation, the skin cells will remain on your scalp and in your hair. If you use a harsh shampoo, it will dry your scalp, which can also lead to flaking.
Dry dandruff is usually the small flakes that fall onto your shoulders. Oily dandruff is more like clumps that are usually still attached to the scalp.
For dry dandruff, most of the time, all you need is a really good moisturizing shampoo and conditioner. You need to shampoo a little more often and massage the conditioner into your scalp before you rinse it.
If you have dry dandruff and you use a medicated dandruff shampoo, you'll only dry your scalp and hair more, thereby adding to the problem. I don’t recommend it.
For oily dandruff, the shampoo and conditioner I recommend is Nioxin Cleanser and Scalp Therapy. The shampoo thoroughly cleanses and exfoliates the scalp without drying. The conditioner, Scalp Therapy, invigorates and refreshes the scalp with balm mint. It rinses thoroughly without leaving any residue, which is important for oily hair and scalp. These products can be found in our salon.
In the drugstore, the only shampoo and conditioner I recommend for moisturizing is Dove. They have the right pH and moisturize without weighing the hair down.
For oily scalp and hair, I don't recommend buying anything from the drugstore. The products meant for deep cleansing, for oily hair and for dandruff tend to be too strong. When you over-cleanse the scalp, your body's response is to produce more natural oils to return your scalp to its natural state, thereby making it more oily.